The O'odham People

St. Francis Feast Day Committee
San Xavier del Bac

The Valiant Desert Sharing People

The O'odham People, including the Tohono O'odham, the Akimel O'odham, and the Hia C-ed O'odham, are the indigenous people of the Sonoran Desert whose traditional homeland before the European intrusion encompassed today's southern and central Arizona and northern Sonora. For the last 25 years of his life, Kino worked with his beloved valiant and desert sharing friends.

Today the 50,000 O'odham People live in the cities or towns of Arizona or in the four areas set aside by the United States government. Not recognized by the governments of the United States and Mexico are.the Hia-C'ed O'odham who ive throughout southwestern Arizona and the few remaining O'odham families who live in northwestern Sonora. The O'odham People are united by a common heritage and their powerful and poetic language.

"The Pimas [O'odham]  are very generous, sharing everything and owning everything in common, even their clothing. When one is having a meal and does not have enough even for himself and another comes along, the visitor nevertheless gets half of what is there. …  They have an uplifting spirit …."  Father Philipp Segesser, S.J. 1737

"The natives of these ... new nations {O'odham] are industrious Indians, who are docile, affable, and very friendly, and at the same time warlike and valiant, able to defend themselves against their enemies …" Fatther Eusebio Francisco Kino, S.J.  1696

Tohono O'odham Cultural Center & Museum Brochure

To Download Tohono O'odham Cultural Center & Museum Brochure
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O'odham Literature

"Language was perhaps the O'odham's highest form of art. Speeches, ritual oratory, and song lyrics were powerful and poetic. Moreover the grammar of the language is as subtle and complex as any in the world; its vocabulary is rich in words defining the external and internal world of the O'odham."

Dr. Bernard L. Fontana

"Papago [O'odham] Literature"
Ofelia Zepeda and Danny Lopez
Editorial Consultants
"The South Corner of Time"

Examples of O'odham songs, stories and poetry, past and present,
together with bibliography.

For entire work
click O'odham Literature 

Beautiful Traditional O'odham Songs

Videos of the performance of beautiful traditional O'odham songs set in Mission San Xavier del Bac.

San Xavier Traditional Singers
Ivan Burrell and Antoinette Encinas

Maisad Tholnig
The Creator Song

Minutes: 7.09

Tohono O'odham Wo' Po
Running Song

Minutes: 7.09

O'odham History

"Sharing the Desert: The Tohono O'odham in History"
Winston P. Erickson

The writing of the O'odham history was a collaboration between the Tohono O'ooham Nation's Education Department and the University of Utah's American West Center. The book was published in paperback by the University of Arizona Press in 2003.

To preview parts of the book
Sharing the Desert 

"Peoples of the Middle Gila:
A Documentary History of the Pimas and Maricopas 1500s-1945"
John P. Wilson

This history of the Akimel O’odham and Pee Posh peoples who live along the middle Gila River is part of the Gila River Indian Community Anthropological Research Papers. The book was published in paperback by the University of Arizona Press in 2014.

Annotated Bibliography of the Tohono O'odham

"An Annotated Bibliography of the Tohono O'odham (Papago Indians)"
Dr. Bernard L. Fontana and Michael U. Owens

O'odham Bibliography

Official O'odham Community Websites

Tohono O'odham Nation

San Xavier District of the Tohono O'odham Nation 

Gila River Indian Community

Ak-Chin Indian Community

Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community

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Tohono O'odham Cultural Center & Museum Brochure

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