Map of Kino's Europe
Kino's Jesuit Formation Stages
Kino as a Jesuit scholastic (Jesuit priest candidate) completed a series of formation stages that spanned more than a decade before he was ordained as a priest.
These stages also give an account of Kino’s first half of his life as a student and professor at the best universities in Europe.
1665 - 1667
After attending Hall as scholarship pre-college student and later as a college student at Freiburg, Kino is accepted into the 2 year novitiate and lives in community with Jesuits while ministering to poor. He takes first vows of poverty, chastity and obedience
1667 – 1670
Completes 3 year study in philosophy and theology (Bachelor degree) while following Jesuit rules and methods. Continues to minister to the poor. Kino also studies mathematics, astronomy, cartography and other sciences with Ingolstadt's renowned faculty.
1670 - 1673
Fully involved in the life of Jesuit community, Kino returns to Hall and teaches literature. He writes first letters to Superior General requesting to be missionary to China. Kino is inspired by famous Jesuit missionary to China, his deceased cousin Martin Martini
1674 - 1677
Completes 3 year study in theology (Masters degree) while continuing scientific studies and teaching mathematics. He turns down post as science professor. Kino ordained as priest in June 1677.
Freiburg / Oettingen
1677 - 1678
Receives equivalent of PhD in astronomy and natural sciences from Freiburg University and then Kino ministers full time in parish in Oettingen. Last of his six requests to be missionary is granted
While waiting 2 years for a ship to Mexico, he ministers & teaches in Spain. At age 39 in Baja California, he makes before a fellow Jesuit missionary his final Jesuit vow of obedience to Pope's if ordered to serve in miissions..Suscipe
Jesuit Tradition of Scientific Inquiry
A remarkable characteristic of the Society of Jesus during the period of its first founding (1540-1773) was the involvement of its members in the sciences.
The reasons for this interest in scientific study can be found in the nature and mission of the order itself. Saint Ignatius Loyola considered the acquisition of knowledge and the performance of mundane labor as spiritually profitable tasks, and this fostered in the Society an action-oriented, utilitarian mentality sympathetic to scientific study. In addition the role of the Society as the "schoolmasters of Europe" meant that the pedagogically (and scientifically) useful principles of rationality, method, and efficiency were highly valued.
The tight-knit organization of the Society created among its members habits of cooperation and communication, essential for the gathering and exchange of scientific information. Finally, mission work in Asia and the Americas gave the Jesuits opportunities and impetus to study and record the phenomena of these new worlds.
Jesuits and the Sciences 1540 - 1999
Loyola University Chicago
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