Book Index

|183|

Index

Ágreda, Maria de, 130
Altar River (Arizona): Indi-
ans in valley of, 47, 54; set-
tlements on, 47, 58; de-
struction of crops on, by
Spanish, 96, 102; Jesuit mis-
sions on, 153
Apache Indians: ravage bor-
der missions, 35; horse-
stealing by, 74; Spanish
Flying Column against, 59;
uprisings, 67, 80; attack
Quíburi, 111, 116, 177; de-
clare peace with Pimas,
141-2; invitation to mis-
sionaries, 155
Atondo, Admiral, leader of
California expedition, 11,
13-15; crosses to west coast
of California, 17; and pearl
fishing, 18, 25, 28 Arizona: Kino's first visit to,
47, 103; Indians in, beg for
missionaries, 107; missions
in, established by Kino,
110; Spanish requisitions
in, 150; mission at San
Xavier del Bac, 178
Audencia, Royal, at Guada-
lajara, 32


Bac, Indian town of, 50, 142;
Padre Kino's promise to
visit, 51-2; "great houses"
in, 70; Padre Kino at, 72;
Indian officials of, 111, 116;
crops raised at, 132. See
also San Xavier del Bac
Bacanuche, Spanish fort at,
36, 42-3, 44; mines, 52-3;
Padre Kino at, 143; Gen-
eral Manje at, 159
Bázerac, Jesuit mission at,
107,108
Boat built by Padre Kino, 62,
63-5,123,134


Caborca, town of, 58; Padre
Kino in, 59-60, 62, 64-5,
67, 122-3; mission estab-
lished at, 72-7; Padre Sa-
eta's death at, 78; burning
of, 92; Padre Kino's peace
mission to, 97-8
California: Padre Kino's mis-
sion in, 11 ff.; exploration
of, 17-18; difficulties of set-
tling, |184| 18; believed to be an island, 22; abandonment of
San Bruno mission, 25,
27-8; Kino's efforts to re-es-
tablish missions in, 28, 34,
51, 58, 60, 104; Padre Sal-
vatierra in, 112-13, 134-5;
Kino's map of land passage
to, 140; supplies sent by
Kino to, 174
California, Gulf of: difficul-
ties of crossing, 18, 19, 22;
discovery of head of, 122 ff.
California Indians, 17-26, 28,
36,58
Camino del Diablo (Devil's
Highway), 125 ff.
Campos, Padre, Jesuit mis-
sionary: at San Ignacio,
69-70, 78, 92; at Imuris,
92; escapes Indian attack-
ers, 92-4; chaplain to Span-
ish forces, 96; at Dolores,
103, 108; and Kino, 154-8;
at Magdalena, 173-4
Canada, Jesuits in, 156
Carrasco, Captain, Spanish
officer, 116 ff.
Casa Grande (Bac), 70, 72
Cattle-raising, in Pima mis-
sions, 58, 74, 76, 110, 112,
125-6,132
China: Jesuits in, 27; ship-
ping to Mexico from, 154
Cocóspora: mission at, 74,
106-7; Spanish army at, 91,
92, 95; Apache attack on,
111; fortification at, 138;
rebuilding of church at,
142, 147; Kino in charge of
mission, 153
Colorado River; Padre Ki-
no's explorations of, 121 ff.,
136; further trips to, 140;
Apache tribes on, 155; set-
tlements on, 175
Coro, Pima Chief of Quiburi:
battles with Apaches, 111,
116-17; aid to Padre Kino,
142; reported rebellion
against Spanish, 150-2; Ki-
no's friendship for, 154,
174; death of, 177
Cortéz, Hernando, Spanish
explorer, 12
Coxi, Pima chief and captain
general of Dolores: re-
quests missionary be sent to
tribe, 36; his sons baptized,
39; becomes a Christian,
43-4; accompanies Jesuits
into Arizona, 48-9; ap-
pointed Spanish govern-
ment official, 55; generosity
to other mission settle-
ments,
Crops: raised in missions, 18,
76, 82, 109; by Indians, 75,
118,128,132
Cucurpe: Jesuit mission on
San Miguel River, 34; Kino
first visits, 35; missionary
stationed at, 37, 44; Padre
Saeta buried at, 83


Dolores: first Pima mission
founded by Padre Kino,
37-8, 43, 45; Padre Gon
-zález visits, 45-6; Padre
 |185| Salvatierra at, 46-51, 135 ff.; raises supplies for other missions, 73, 108-9; spared
during Pima uprising, 94-5
Drake, Sir Francis, English
explorer, 22,131
Duck Tail, Pima chief of Co-
cóspora, 146-7, 151, 152
Durango, bishop of, 163, 164;
controversy with Jesuits,
165,173


El Soba, Indian chief, 54, 58,
62-3
El Tupo, peace conference
with Indians at, 89, 90
Gulf of California. See Cali-
fornia, Gulf of


Felipe, Pima chief of Magda-
lena region, 80, 81, 86-8,
90-1,98
Flying Column, Spanish, 59,
66,99, 151, 162
Franciscan missions, New
Mexico, 80, 155; in Ari-
zona, 177-8
Francis Xavier, St., 27, 170,
173, 174, 175, 176, 178
Francisco, Pima Indian in-
terpreter, 41, 42, 60, 67, 73,
78, 85


Gila River, 72; Padre Kino's
exploration of, 112 ff., 125,
127, 131, 135-6, 137, 140,
175
González, Padre, Jesuit vis-
itor for Sonora, 34-7, 38-9,
45-6,142
Guadalajara, Mexico, 31, 32,
51,103,164


Horse-stealing, by Apaches,
35, 74
Hulo, son of Chief Ibo, 12-
17,18-26,113
Humari, Pima chief of Ojío,
111


Ibo, chief of California
tribe, 12,113
Imuris, mission at, 38, 41, 47,
92,153
Irrigation systems, used by
Pima Indians, 45, 62


Jesuits: mathematical learn-
ing of, 27; in China, 27;
headquarters of, Mexico
City, 28; in Sonora, 29, 34,
46 ff.; college at Guadala-
jara, 51; mission at San Ig-
nacio, 69; at Caborca, 72
ff.; in Pima uprising, 92-5;
urged to re-establish mis-
sions in California, 104;
send new missionaries to
Pimas, 107-8; build new
churches, 142; growth of
missions, 152-3; criticized
by Spanish settlers, 161-2,
163; controversy with
bishop of Durango, 165,
173; expulsion of, from
New Spain, 178
Jironza, General: in com-
mand Spanish fort, San
Juan, 54-5; appoints native
officials, 55; and Pima up-
 |186| rising, 80-2, 83; offer to rebellious Indians, 87, 88;
asks for reinforcements, 95;
peace treaty with Indians,
98-9; rewards Chief Coro,
111; Captain Carrasco's re-
port to, on exploration of
Gila River, 123


Kino, Eusebio Francisco: in
Lower California, 11 ff.;
training in mathematics
and cartography, 27; early
desire to be missionary in
China, 27; stay in Mexico
City, 28-31; assignment to
upper Sonora, 29; petition
against slave labor of Indi-
ans, 31-3; birthplace in
Tyrolese Alps, 34; arrival
in Pima' country, 34 ff.;
founds Dolores mission,
37 ff.; founds adjacent mis-
sions, 38; Work among Pi-
mas, 40 ff.; and Padre Sal-
vatierra, 46-51, 134-40, 153;
expedition down Altar
River, 54-71; and Padre
Saeta, 72 ff.; during Indian
uprising, 87-9; petitions in
Mexico City for California
and Pima missions, 104-7;
establishes missions in Ari-
zona, 110; expedition to
Gila River, 112-24; explo-
ration northwest to mouth
of Colorado, 125-34; dis-
covers land passage to Cali-
fornia, 134—9; difficulties
with the Spanish settlers,
143 ff.; last days and death
at Magdalena, 170-8


La Paz, Bay of, 20, 25


Magdalena: mission at, 77,
153; dedication of chapel
at, 170, 173-4, 175; Padre
Kino's death at, 176
Manje, Lieutenant Manje,
Spanish officer: with Kino
on Altar River expedition,
54-71; during Pima upris-
ing, 80-3, 91, 93, 99; on ex-
pedition to mouth of Colo-
rado, 127, 128-37; disa-
grees with Kino regarding
land passage, 139-41; re-
garding treatment of Indi-
ans, 145; attack on Jesuits,
158-69
Maps, Kino's: of New Spain,
107, 122; of land passage to
California, 140
Marcos, Pima Indian: son of
captain general of Dolores,
100-1; accompanies Kino
to Mexico City, 101, 103-6;
on expedition to Gila
River, 114; minor official at
Dolores, 148, 150; with
Kino at Magdalena, 170-3
Mexico, 18, 19, 20, 22-3,
28 ff.
Mexico City, capital of New
Spain: Padre Kino at Jes-
uit headquarters in 1685,
28-30; Kino's visit in 1696,
103-7,113,171
Mines, Spanish, in Sonora, |187|
31-3, 38-9, 43, 44, 52-3,
163-1
Minutuli, Padre, missionary
at Tubutama, 153, 161
Moqui Indians, New Mexico,
155


New France, Jesuits in, 156
New Mexico: Franciscan mis-
sionaries in, 80, 155; land
grants to settlers of, 162;
slaves in, 162-3
New Spain. See Mexico
Nogales, Arizona, 116
Nuestra Señora de los Do-
lores. See Dolores


Oñate, Juan de, Spanish ex-
plorer, 129
Oposura, mission in Sonora,
34


Parral, a capital city of New
Spain, 165,167
Peace treaty with Pimas,
98-9,102
Pearl fishing, Spanish, in Cal-
ifornia, 18,28
Picolo, Padre, Jesuit visitor,
152-3
Pima Indians: threat to Span-
ish settlements, 34, 35;
Kino arrives among, 36;
begins mission, 37 ff.; on
Altar River, 58; uprising
of, 77 ff.; peace treaty with,
97-9; Kino's report on,
106; more missionaries sent
to, 108-9
Polici, Padre Jesuit visitor,
108


Quíburi, Indian town, 111,
116, 154, 174, 176-7


Remedios, mission of: site
chosen by Padre Kino, 38;
people of, reluctant to be-
come Christian, 41-3, 47;
church later built at, 110—
12, 142; mission under Ki-
no's care, 153.
Romo, Spanish agent, 164,
166-7


Saeta, Padre, Jesuit mission-
ary: appointed to Caborca,
72; aided by Padre Kino,
72-5; building of mission
by, 76-7; murdered by In-
dians, 78, 80; buried at
Cucurpe, 82-3; murderers
of, punished by Spanish,
87 ff., 98; Kino's report on
death of, 101, 106, 107, 173
Salvatierra, Padre Juan: Jes-
uit visitor to Pima mis-
sions, 46-51; rector of Jes-
uit College, Guadalajara,
51; meets Kino in Mexico
City, 104; re-establishes
Lower California missions,
112-13; second visit to
Pima country, 135-40; ap-
pointed provincial in Mex-
ico City, 152; Kino's report
to, 153
San Bruno, mission in Lower
 |[188|
California, 1, 18, 20, 23,
24-5, 28
San Juan, Spanish city and
fort in Sonora, 85-6, 42,
54-5, 70-1, 88, 151, 152
San Ignacio, Indian mission,
69, 75, 89, 92, 108, 142, 153
San Ignacio River, 57
San Miguel River, 34, 36, 37
San Xavier del Bac, mission
of, 132,178
Santa Clara, mountain, 141
Santa Cruz River, 47, 116
Santa María, Jesuit mission,
50,174
San Pedro River, 111
Sea of California. See Gulf of
California
Seri Indians, 24, 34
Slaves, Indian, in Spanish
mines, 31-3, 38-9, 43, 44,
52-3, 144-5,163-4
Sobas, Pima Indian tribe, 54
Solís, Lieutenant Antonio: heads Spanish Flying Col-
umn, 66; cruelty to Indi-
ans, 66-7, 77; and Pima up-
rising, 88-91, 95, 97; dis-
charged by army, 99; ac-
cusations of, against Padre
Kino, 102-3, 104
Sonoita, Indian village, 120,
123,125-6,138,153
Sonora, Mexico, 29, 31, 35,
125,154
Spanish settlements: in Cali-
fornia, 12; in Sonora, 35


Tiburón Island, 24
Tuape, mission at, 38, 39
Tubutama, Indian settle-
ment on Altar River, 65-7;
uprising in, 77, 78; Spanish
army at, 80; peace with
Spanish, 87; second burn-
ing of, 92; peace confer-
ence at, 97, 98; Indians at
mission threatened, 147


Velarde, Padre, Jesuit mis-
sionary, 174-5,177


Yuma Indians, 128, 134,
136-7


Zuñi Indians, New Mexico,
155

["ff." means "and the following pages"]




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