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Padre Eusebio Francisco Kino, S.J.

(August 10, 1645 - March 15, 1711) 

The eminent historian of the American West and UCLA chief librarian Lawrence Clark Powell described Father Kino as "the noblest Southwesterner of all."

Professor Herbert Bolton, former head of the history department of the University of California at Berkeley, curator of the Bancroft Museum and the father of the study of Spanish colonial history in the United States described Father Kino as  "the most picturesque missionary pioneer of all North America - explorer, astronomer, cartographer, mission builder, ranchman, cattle king and defender of the frontier." Professor Bolton continues his description of Father Kino as the friend and staunch advocate of the O'odham and other native peoples.

Kino's reports, diaries and correspodence between Kino and his contemporaries are the best accounts of the daily life of a missionary in the New World. Before becoming a New World missionary at age 46, Father Kino was a mathematics, astronomy and natural sciences professor in Central Europe while completing his training as a Jesuit priest.  .

For more information about Father Kino's life, click Kino's Life and to read one of the best books about Father Kino's life, click Online Book.

 In 1965 the citizens of Arizona honored Father Kino by dedicating before 700 dignitaries from all over the world a statue of Father Kino at the United States Statuary Hall located in the United States Capitol Building. Father Kino was one of Arizona's two representatives so honored. Click US Capitol Statue for selected speeches. The 50th anniversary of dedication was celebrated in Washington D.C., Arizona and the Italian Province of Trento.

After the U.S. statue dedication, the President of Mexico ordered a new search for Kino''s grave. An international team of historians and anthropologists found Kino''s bones in May 1966 in Magdalena despite a chaotic archeological and historic record and extreme time and budgetary constraints. The discovery is as suspenseful and compelling as any great detective story.

The discovery of Kino's skeletal remains has also been described as almost miraculous. Since his death in 1711, pilgrims have traveled to Magdalena to honor Kino and saints Francis Xavier and Francis of Assis. The 50th anniversary of the discovery will be celebrated in May 2016. More information, click Grave Discovery and Chapel Discovery.

For more information about Father Kino's Legacy, click Kino's Legacy

 In 2006 the petition for the cause for Father Kino's sainthood was completed with the delivery of over 150 pounds of documents to the Vatican. In 2006 with the acceptance of the petition for sainthood Father Kino was deemed a Servant of God by the Catholic Church. His cause for sainthood is presently under consideration.

For more information on Father Kino's cause. click Canonization.

Father Kino was one of the world''s greatest missionaries and over 300 years after his death is revered by the Native People he served.


Padre Kino at San Xavier del Bac

Spring 1700

After starting the construction of the first church of San Xavier del Bac in spring 1700, Padre Kino called the "The Blue Shell Conference" and Native People came from through out present day Arizona to see him. The information received at the Blue Shell Conference from the Native People supported Padre Kino's hypothesis that California was part of the mainland and not an island as then believed. Padre Kino's later explorations to the Colorado River verified that there was an overland route to California. His discovery renewed the Jesuit mission efforts in Baja California that Padre Kino first started 15 years before and made Padre Kino's maps world famous.

On his return trip to his mission headquarters in Dolores in present day Sonora, Padre Kino saved a man from execution by riding on horseback over 75 miles in less than 24 hours.

At the invitation of the people of Bac, Padre Kino first visited their village in August 1692.
During their 20 year friendship with Padre Kino, the people of Bac journeyed year-round to his missions in Sonora to help him and to receive his ministry.

Click Mission San Xavier for more accounts about Padre Kino and the people of Mission San Xavier del Bac.

Click San Xavier Blue Shell Conference for more about the Spring of 1700 from the book "Kino: A Legacy" by the Spanish colonial historian Charles Polzer, S.J.

Click 1701 Map for Kino's Famous 1701 map showing that Baja California was connected to the mainland. On the map the locations of the villages San Xavier and San Cosme (present day Tucson) are marked below latitude 32 degrees.

Click Cartographer for Padre Kino's other maps and his contributions to world cartographer.

For locations and identification of statues in the mission church and to print Guide click,
Statuary Guide 

Kino News

Publication of New Kino Book

"Riding Behind the Padre:

Horseback Views from Both Sides of the Border"
Richard C. Collins

For book review
Clcik News

  Kino Related Events

Permanent Exhibits

Mission in the Sun Chapel


Ted DeGrazia Depicts The Life of Padre Kino

20 Oil Paintings
Permanent Exhibit
DeGrazia Gallery in the Sun

DeGrazia Gallery in the Sun
 6300 N. Swan Road
Tucson, Arizona
Telephone (520) 299-9191 / (800) 886- 5201

Open Daily except select holidays
10 AM to 4 PM.
Free Admission

Also visit the community chapel - Mission in the Sun -
built by Ted DeGrazia in honor of Padre Kino.

For more information click
DeGrazia Gallery in the Sun

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