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Padre Eusebio Francisco Kino, S.J.

(August 10, 1645 - March 15, 1711) 

The eminent historian of the American West and UCLA librarian Lawrence Clark Powell described Father Kino as "the noblest Southwesterner of all."

Professor Herbert Bolton, head of the history department of the University of California at Berkeley and the Bancroft Library and the father of the study of Spanish colonial history in the United States described  Kino as "the most picturesque missionary pioneer of all North America - explorer, astronomer, cartographer, mission builder, ranchman, cattle king and defender of the frontier." Professor Bolton in his definitive Kino biography "Rim of Christendom" chronicles Kino's life on the frontier as a staunch defender of the rights of the O'odham and other Native Peoples.

Kino was one of the world's greatest missionaries and over 300 years after his death is revered by the Native People he served. Kino wrote that a missionary must have "a strong and loving concern for the temporal and spiritual welfare" of the Native People "while he works hard and maintains a sense of tolerance." For 30 years Kino worked on and beyond the Spanish colonial frontier in today's Southwest United States and Northwest Mexico. For more information about Kino's work as a missionary and Kino's philosophy in his writings, 
click Missionary

Kino's work including establishing the Pious Fund of the Californias together with his trail blazing in Baja California, Sonora and Arizona led to the Spanish settlement of the state of California 60 years after his death by the Portola & Anza Expeditions. Kino's vision for the Californias and his supply of its restarted missions is key to the understanding of Kino's life and work on the frontier. For more information about Kino initiating the Spanish settlement of Baja and Alta California,
click California Builder.

Kino's reports, diaries and correspondence between Kino and his contemporaries are the best accounts of the daily life of a missionary in the New World. While Kino was working in the Spanish frontier, he gained fame in Europe for his maps of the previously unknown Sonoran Desert. Kino's maps were the definitive maps of the region for over 150 years after his death. For more information about Kino's maps and fame as an explorer,
click Cartographer and Explorer.  

Before becoming a New World missionary at age 36, Kino was a mathematics, astronomy and natural sciences professor in Central Europe while completing his training as a Jesuit priest.  For more information about Kino's life,
click Kino Life and Chronology.

To view and download the best concise Kino biography in "Not Counting the Cost" (27 pg),
click Best Concise Bio . 

For another short Kino biography that is translated in 3 languages,
click English, Spanish and Italian.

To view and download one of the best and most accessible books about Kino's life,
click Best Online Book.

To view a great Kino website written in Spanish that summarizes Kino's work along with selected Kino writings, illustrative images and computer generated expedition route maps,
click El Padre de Sonora.

In 1965 the citizens of Arizona honored Kino by dedicating before 700 dignitaries from all over the world a statue of Kino at the United States Statuary Hall located in the United States Capitol Building. Kino was one of Arizona's two representatives so honored. The 50th anniversary of the dedication was celebrated in Washington D.C., Arizona and the Italian Province of Trento in 2015. For more information about the Kino statue and speeches,
click US Capitol Statue .

After the U.S. statue dedication, the President of Mexico ordered a renewed search for Kino's lost grave. An international team of historians and anthropologists found Kino's grave and skeleton in May 1966 in Magdalena despite a chaotic archeological and historic record and extreme time and budgetary constraints. The discovery is as suspenseful and compelling as any great detective story. The discovery of Kino's skeletal remains has also been described as almost miraculous.  For more information,
click Grave Discovery and Chapel Discovery.

The 50th anniversary of the discovery will be celebrated in May 2016. For more information about the celebration, 
click Kino Grave

In 2006 the Archdiocese of Hermosillo submitted the 160 pounds of documents for the Vatican's consideration of Kino's cause  for sainthood. With the acceptance of Kino's cause he was deemed a Servant of God by the Catholic Church. His cause for sainthood is presently under review at the venerable step. For those who believe that Kino is a saint, he is the patron saint for peaceful international borderlands and the patron saint for seed savers and sharers. For more information about Kino's sainthood cause,
click Canonization.

Since Kino's death in 1711, pilgrims have journeyed in the Fall to Magdalena de Kino and to Kino's grave site to honor the three great Franciscos of the Pimería Alta: Saints Francis Xavier and Francis of Assisi and Father Eusebio Francisco Kino. Kino's Mission San Xavier del Bac outside of Tucson is also an international pilgrimage site. For more information on the Magdalena Pilgrimage and San Xavier del Bac Pilgrimage,
click Pilgrimage. 

For almost 30 years the horseback riders of Por Los Caminos de Kino have made annual pilgrimages on horseback (cabalgatas) retracing many of Kino's 50 journeys of exploration. For more information about the Kino rides with route maps,
click Cabalgatas.

Kino explored by sail the waters and rode on horseback the lands of more than 30 protected places and areas later set aside by the national governments of the United States and Mexico and the state governments of the Baja Californias, Sonora and Arizona for natural, cultural and historical conservation purposes For information about national parks, monuments, reserves and wildlife refuges,
click Protected Areas

For information about selected protected places in Southern Arizona,
click Mission San Xavier del Bac and Tumacacácori National Historic Park.

For more information about Kino's other enduring legacies,
click Kino Legacy,  Testimonials,  Multimedia & Videos, and News.

Padre Kino at San Xavier del Bac

Spring 1700

After starting the construction of the first church of San Xavier del Bac in spring 1700, Padre Kino called the "The Blue Shell Conference" and Native People came from through out present day Arizona to see him. The information received at the Blue Shell Conference from the Native People supported Padre Kino's hypothesis that California was part of the mainland and not an island as then believed. Padre Kino's later explorations to the Colorado River verified that there was an overland route to California. His discovery renewed the Jesuit mission efforts in Baja California that Padre Kino first started 15 years before and made Padre Kino's maps world famous.

On his return trip to his mission headquarters in Dolores in present day Sonora, Padre Kino saved a man from execution by riding on horseback over 75 miles in less than 24 hours.

At the invitation of the people of Bac, Padre Kino first visited their village in August 1692. During their 20 year friendship with Padre Kino, the people of Bac journeyed year-round to his missions in Sonora to help him and to receive his ministry.

Click Mission San Xavier for more accounts about Padre Kino and the people of Mission San Xavier del Bac.

Click San Xavier Blue Shell Conference for more about the Spring of 1700 from the book "Kino: A Legacy" by the Spanish colonial historian Charles Polzer, S.J.

Click 1701 Map for Kino's Famous 1701 map showing that Baja California was connected to the mainland. On the map the locations of the villages San Xavier and San Cosme (present day Tucson) are marked below latitude 32 degrees.

Click Cartographer for Padre Kino's other maps and his contributions to world cartographer.

For locations and identification of statues in the mission church and to print Guide click, Statuary Guide 

To view 65 of 351 pages of the definitive book on the Mission - "A Gift of Angels: The Art of Mission San Xavier Del Bac" written by Bernard L. Fontana and photographed by Edward McCain. Click Art 

To view more incredible interior photos and personal reflections by Miguel Peréz from his blog HiddenHispanicHeritage.com. Click English Text  Spanish Text

Mission San Xavier del Bac is an international pilgrimage site. For information about the pilgrimages, click Pilgrimage. 

Associated Kino Organizations

Associazione Culturale Padre Eusebio F. Chini
Kino organization in Europe
Website in English, Italian, Spanish and German
For website, click Associazione  

Por Los Caminos de Kino 
and its Fundación
Kino organization in Mexico

For information in Spanish and English about:
    organization and annual cabalgatas, click Caminos de Kino
    website, click Fundación 
    online multimedia, click Caminos Videos

Kino News

Publication of New Kino Book

"Riding Behind the Padre:

Horseback Views from Both Sides of the Border"
Richard C. Collins

For book review
Clcik News

  Kino Related Events

Permanent Exhibits

DeGrazia Gallery in the Sun


Ted DeGrazia Depicts The Life of Padre Kino

20 Oil Paintings
Permanent Exhibit
DeGrazia Gallery in the Sun

DeGrazia Gallery in the Sun
 6300 N. Swan Road
Tucson, Arizona
Telephone (520) 299-9191 / (800) 886- 5201

Open Daily except select holidays
10 AM to 4 PM.
Free Admission

For more information click
DeGrazia Gallery in the Sun

Also visit the community chapel on the Gallery grounds.
The Mission in the Sun was built by Ted DeGrazia in honor of Padre Kino.

DeGrazia's Mission in the Sun Chapel
Dedicated to Padre Kino 

Resources for the General Reader

1. Book: "Padre Kino: The Trail to the Pacific
Cick Trail Book

2. Summary: Kino Chapter from "Not Counting'The Cost"
Click Best Cocise Bio

3. Summary: "ABCD and E Kino Life Chapters and Historical Atlas"
Click Life Chapters 

4. Website: "El Padre de Sonora" in Spanish with expedition maps
click El Padre de Sonora.

Resources for Researchers & Teachers

Topical Page Cross References in Kino Books

Click Cross References 

Online Kino Presentations, Music, Art and Movies

Click Video & Multipedia 

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